Logical Reasoning :: Syllogism Problems And Answers

2. Statements:
      Some fruits are mangos.
      All mangos are guavas.
      No guava is a banana.
      I. All guavas are fruits.
      II. Some guavas are fruits

A. If only conclusion I follows. B. If only conclusion II follows.
C. If either conclusion I or conclusion II follows. D. If both conclusions I and II follows.
Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option B

(i)  All pages are markers     --> Universal Affirmative (A - type).
(ii) Some fruits are apples    --> Particular Affirmative (I - type)
(iii)No book is a page         --> Universal Negative (E - type).
(iv) Some books are  not pages --> Particular Negative (O - type).

Some fruits are mangos.
All mangos are guavas.
I + A => I - type of conclusion
"Some fruits are guavas".
Conclusion II is Converse of it.
All mangos are guavas
No guava is a banana.
A + E => E - type of conclusion
"No mango is a banana

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